A blood sugar, or blood glucose, chart identifies a person’s ideal blood sugar levels throughout the day, including before and after meals. It can help a person with glucose management if they need to keep levels within a normal range, such as those with diabetes.
Medically, it is believed a normal range of sugar level should read 90–120 mg/dl, 120–160 mg/dl is considered a little bit okay, while 160–240 mg/dl is too high. In this case, the person needs medical attention to bring down blood sugar levels
Today, we will be looking at signs that point out the fact that your sugar level is high and what you need to do to correct the anomaly.
1. Regular urination
Your kidneys have to work extra hard to absorb all of the extra sugar in your blood. If they can’t keep up, the body excretes it along with the water it needs.
Your body draws water from its tissues to flush out the excess sugar. A switch in your brain indicates that you are thirsty, so you drink more because you need that fluid to generate energy, add nutrients, and clear out waste.
Read Also: Reasons you should leave sugar for honey
3. Dry mouth
As your body pulls the liquid out of your mouth, the corners can become dry and cracked. Infection is more likely when you have less saliva and more sugar in your blood. The gums may swell and white spots may appear on your tongue and cheeks (your doctor will call this oral thrush). Drink more water or chew sugar-free gum.
4. Skin problems
To get rid of excess blood sugar, the body draws water from everywhere. This can lead to dry, itchy, cracked skin, especially on the legs, elbows, feet, and hands. High levels of glucose can damage nerves over time. Diabetic neuropathy is the medical term for this condition. It can make cuts, wounds, and infections more difficult to spot. Without care, they can move on to more serious problems like losing a toe, foot, or part of a leg.
5. Vision problems
Your body may be sucking fluid out of the lenses of your eyes, making it difficult to focus. In addition, high blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the back of the eye (retina). This can lead to long-term vision loss, if not blindness.
If you have type 2 diabetes and your blood sugar levels are consistently high, insulin, which helps your cells to transfer energy, becomes less receptive.
You will be exhausted from a lack of fuel. Type 1 diabetes causes fatigue because the body cannot produce its insulin. Your levels will stay high for a long time if you don’t handle them properly. Your doctor will help you administer medication and recommend lifestyle improvements.
You tend to become disoriented when your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia). You could blur your words or lose track of where you are. It can go so quickly that you may not even notice that you are acting strangely. In severe cases, you may have a seizure or go into a coma.
Managing blood sugar levels is an important step in preventing the complications of diabetes. Making sure that blood sugar levels stay within normal ranges can also be a strong sign that treatment is working.