8 comments about endometrial cancer that you need to know
Little known, endometrial cancer hits women and is growing scary. The latest news reports that the most common cancer of the reproductive organs in the United States is endometrial cancer. Endometrial cancers and uterine sarcomas are included. The endometrium is the tissue lining the uterus internally.
One of the best ways to prevent the problem is to know about it, because as with other cancers, when diagnosed early, the chances of cure are much greater. Women over the age of 45 are the most affected.
The symptoms include:
Bleeding, bleeding and spotting
Bleeding that occurs outside of usual menstrual periods or after menopause. Abnormal abnormalities or blemishes that arise should be reported to a physician for best evaluation.
Pain and weight loss
Pains in the pelvic area, abnormal volumes and weight loss without apparent reasons are also signs that need to be evaluated by a professional.
To know more about the disease, these 8 considerations are important:
The endometrium has a reproductive function, that is, it becomes larger during the menstrual cycle to receive the embryo if fertilization occurs.
When he gets sick it is difficult to see, so it is important to take the preventive tests that gynecologists ask. At the sign of any of the symptoms described above, a physician should also be consulted.
The cause for endometrial cancer is still unknown. What happens is that normal cells die and other abnormal ones develop, causing a tumor.
It has been observed that hormonal imbalances in women increase the chance of the development of this cancer. During the cycle a fluctuation between estrogen and progesterone occurs. Lack of balance in fluctuation can trigger disease.
The risk is higher when the woman has polycystic ovarian syndrome, obesity, menopausal hormone therapy using estrogen alone, menarche (first menstruation) was before age 12, started menopause after age 50 or had no pregnancy.
The diagnosis can be made through transvaginal ultrasound, pelvic examination, biopsies or hysterectomy.
The stages of the disease are 0-4, and 0 refers to cancer cells found in the endometrium, the 1 referring to the growth of these cells in the inner wall of the uterus, 2 the invasion into the cervix, the 3 invasion In other tissues such as the vagina or lymph nodes, and 4 the metastasis, invasion of other organs such as the bladder, intestine or other parts of the body such as lung, liver and others.
As options for treatment there are surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and hormone therapy. The doctor in charge will know what to prescribe.
When diagnosed early, treatment is effective and the survival rate is estimated at 92% in one year.
Observance of symptoms, especially in women over 45 years of age, and attending routine appointments and examinations can save lives.