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Borderline Syndrome: What It Is and Key Features

by Family Center
Borderline Syndrome

Borderline Syndrome: What It Is and Key Features
Borderline syndrome, also called borderline personality disorder, is characterized by sudden mood swings, fear of being abandoned by friends, and impulsive behaviors such as spending money wildly or binge eating, for example.

Generally, people with Borderline Syndrome have times when they are stable, which alternate with psychotic outbreaks, manifesting uncontrolled behaviors. These symptoms begin to manifest in adolescence and become more frequent early in adult life.

Sometimes this syndrome is confused with illnesses like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, but the duration and intensity of the emotions is different, being essential to be evaluated by a psychiatrist to know the correct diagnosis and to start the appropriate treatment.

Borderline Syndrome – What It Is and Key Features

Symptoms of Borderline Syndrome
The most common symptoms of Borderline Syndrome can be:

Mood changes throughout the day, ranging from moments of euphoria to deep sadness.

Feelings of anger, despair and panic.

Irritability and anxiety that can provoke aggression.

Fear of being abandoned by friends and family.

Impulsivity and addiction to gambling, uncontrolled spending of money, excessive consumption of food, use of substances and, in some cases, failure to comply with rules or laws.

Low self-esteem.

Feeling of loneliness and inner emptiness.
People with this disorder are afraid that their emotions will flee from their control, showing a tendency to become irrational in situations of greater stress and creating a great dependence on others to be stable.

In some more severe cases, self-mutilation and even suicide can occur due to the tremendous feeling of inner malaise. Learn more about the symptoms in: Find out if it is borderline syndrome.

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Diagnosis of Borderline Syndrome
The diagnosis of this disorder is made through the description of the behavior reported by the patient and observed by a psychologist or psychiatrist.

In addition, it is important to do physiological exams, such as hemogram and serology, to exclude other diseases, because their characteristics are similar to other diseases, such as depression or schizophrenia, for example.

Borderline personality disorder may occur due to genetic predisposition; however, strong emotional experiences as a child, such as facing illness or death and situations of sexual abuse or neglect may lead to the development of this syndrome.

Treatment of Borderline Syndrome
Treatment of Borderline Syndrome is performed with the use of anti-depressant medications, mood stabilizers and tranquilizers indicated by the psychiatrist.

In addition to treatment with medication, it is necessary to maintain psychological counseling to perform psychotherapy and help the individual to control their negative emotions, such as knowing how to cope with times of greater stress.

This treatment is critical for the patient to stay in control but requires patience and will power of the individual.

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