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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MENINGITIS (concluding part)

by Family Center

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MENINGITIS (concluding part)

OJO TAIWO
MENINGITIS: CAUSES AND PREVENTION
Meningitis bacterial infections can be life-threatening, identifying the causes and preventions is essential.
• Skipping vaccinations. Risk rises for anyone who hasn’t completed the recommended childhood or adult vaccination schedule.
• Age. Most cases of viral meningitis occur in children younger than age 5. Bacterial meningitis is common in those under age 20.
• Living in a community setting. College students living in dormitories, personnel on military bases, and children in boarding schools and child care facilities are at greater risk of meningococcal meningitis. This is probably because the bacterium is spread by the respiratory route, and spreads quickly through large groups.
• Pregnancy. Pregnancy increases the risk of listeriosis – an infection caused by listeria bacteria, which also may cause meningitis. Listeriosis increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and premature delivery.
• Compromised immune system. AIDS, alcoholism, diabetes, use of immunosuppressant drugs and other factors that affect your immune system also make you more susceptible to meningitis. Having your spleen removed also increases your risk, and patients without a spleen should get vaccinated to minimize that risk.

Meningitis complications can be severe. The longer you or your child has the disease without treatment, the greater the risk of seizures and permanent neurological damage, including:
• Hearing loss
• Memory difficulty
• Learning disabilities
• Brain damage
• Gait problems
• Seizures
• Kidney failure
• Shock
• Death
With prompt treatment, even patients with severe meningitis can have a good recovery.
PREVENTIONS
1. Get vaccinated against the disease
2. Early detection
3. Bath regularly
4. Always sleep in a room that has ventilation.
5. Don’t share personal items
6. Wash your hands at interval
7. Eat balanced diet to help build strong immune against it

Source: mayoclinic.org

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